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AI-Powered Drones: The Future of Human Life on Earth

As a curious reader, a few days ago, I was reading about the most buzzing phrases of this century, DRONES and ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, it was intriguing how these two can alter the future of human life on earth.

Drones can be called flying robots, but human pilots presently govern most of them. Drones have numerous advantages from agricultural to real estate and from defence to package delivery in the multiple sectors.

Simply flying at low altitude is not what makes drones unique. They can collect distant information, monitor videos, and evaluate it for multiple goals without much human intervention is what makes drones as profitable as vibrant sensors. Drones can also combine electrical power with effective use of transportation capacity, and can eventually help to decrease CO2 emissions and enhance many facilities.

To decrease human intervention in data, we need to create smart drones that can read, calculate, evaluate, and predict data themselves to provide helpful information. Without humans, drones can depend on built-in machine learning algorithms to operate.

One instance of this kind of method is, let’s suppose we need to teach the drones like a kid. So, how are we teaching a kid? We demonstrate them the object (like an apple) and show them the name of it, “Apple.” Now we have to repeat this process again and again until the kid remembers the item and its name. Likewise, in this method, we can take loads of drone footages (dataset of drone pictures) and label them, a simple machine learning method is’ supervised learning.’ We can pass this dataset in object detection models and the model can remember this marked data. Now, when we feed a new test image to the model, this model can detect each object’s label in this specified picture based on different characteristics.

Drones with its’ own eyes:

These models are based on profound neural networks, which in turn depend on advanced methods of probability & statistics.

Imagine a flying object that can fly over hours and is linked to the internet. It can take unlimited pictures and process them, and it will become smarter every day. To identify emotions, it can refine its software to have more accurate face detection. It was discovered in the experiments that in just 40 hours, AI-powered drones instructed themselves to inspect 20 distinct environments by trial and error.

Better Obstacles Tackling:

Drones can process sensor information and plan their way forward by evaluating the barriers in their manner. Fuzzy logic’ is one of the popular Machine learning algorithms that can be used for this purpose.
This algorithm will detect an object and can give a value (from 0 to 1) to all possible labels for the, and the solution will be the label with the highest value. You can go to this website to know more about it. It has the simplest explanation for this algorithm.

Agricultural Possibilities:

A Drone camera lens can zoom in on a tomato seedling’s yellow flower and use these images into an artificial intelligence algorithm that predicts exactly how long it will take for the blossom to become a ripe tomato ready for picking, packing, and the food section of a grocery store.

Reportedly, drones can leverage computer vision to monitor and spray weeds on crops. Precision spraying can assist in avoiding herbicide resistance. Precision technology eliminates 80% of the number of chemicals usually sprayed on plants and can decrease herbicide expenditure by 90%.

Companies leverage deep-learning pattern recognition algorithms to process information captured by drones to monitor crop and soil nutrient deficiencies. Software algorithms that correlate specific foliage patterns with certain soil defects, crop pests, and illnesses conduct an analysis.

Construction & Real Estate:

In another use scenario, by evaluating previous information, the AI-powered drones can have predictive capacities. For example, month-long footage captured from a construction site can be used to project how the site might look like in the next week or so.

Search & Rescue:

Drones with active machine learning algorithms can evaluate area pictures on their own and send only images that have a specific search item to individuals. For example, a human team cannot keep an eye on video footage obtained in real time from hundreds of drones to discover a missing car. With AI, however, the intelligent algorithm can evaluate the footage obtained from different cameras and recognize the searched item in real time.

Emergency medical supplies to remote areas:

It can detect the precise location where medicines cannot be attained quickly by human beings should be fell. Moreover, it can find the specific address and individual to whom the drugs must be supplied with better algorithms.

Unmanned surveillance in dangerous warzones:

As we know, AI describes the capacity of machines that have human intelligence features and can conduct advanced duties such as reasoning, problem-solving, planning, and learning. With the assistance of heat imaging cameras, AI-powered armed drones can recognize the stand on their own and can attack them without human intervention.

We need big datasets to train drones about different settings to have accurate target identification. The database is the main starting point for identification as it will be the basis for analyzing thousands of facial pictures to create the best connection between the setting and the heat signature.

There are many more options that are not yet explored, such as there is actually a drone in use by some Japanese businesses called T-Frend which is “intended to decrease overtime by flying around the office after hours, playing loud music and taking photos of any staff that are still working and reporting them to management.” They can also explore the galaxy beyond the reach of timely Earth communications in swarms of tiny space probes.
Most drone data analytics companies still use traditional techniques to process information obtained from drones. But the fact that all respondents reacted favourably to the issue of whether or not they deploy artificial intelligence instruments demonstrates that AI seems increasingly vital to them. 37% of participants already depend entirely on the machine or profound learning, and all indications suggest that this will increase as time goes on.

Further use and growth of these strong, smart information handling instruments will assist to significantly reduce the processing time of big data, which is an enormous challenge today. So we can conclude that as AI apps in the drone sector are gaining in significance, extremely automated flights will become more viable and more prevalent.

Ref: Medium

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